The worst London Borough for knife crime has been revealed in a revealing new report released by an influential think tank.
The report, the Knife Crime in the Capital, released by Policy Exchange earlier this month, revealed which neighborhoods had the highest number of stab wounds and which had the most deaths.
It concluded that the Metropolitan Police were “losing a fight” against knife crime, which it described as “out of control” in some parts of London.
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Among its key statistics, the report found that over 1,000 people in London were hospitalized for a stabbing each year from 2015 to the year before the pandemic.
The revealing report also highlighted what it called “injustice” that “young black and ethnic minority men are by far the most likely to be stabbed or commit knife crime.”
Policy Exchange’s investigation found that at least four out of five gang-related murder victims and perpetrators in London were black or of ethnic minority.
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Which district has the deadliest stab wounds?
After the stabbing death toll in London reached its highest level in a decade in 2019, with 94 fatal stab wounds, the new knife crime report revealed the distribution of stabbed deaths across London.
Its results were based on BBC data obtained between 2014 and 2018.
The report showed that Southwark had seen the highest number of fatal stab wounds, with 24 people being stabbed to death in the borough throughout the period.
This was followed by Newham, with 21 knife killed, and Brent and Haringey, who each saw 18 killed.
When adjusted for population, the report found that Hackney, Lambeth, Haringey, Newham and Southwark were the five boroughs with the highest stabbing rate between April 2012 and September 2019, while Kingston and Richmond upon Thames had the lowest.
Between March 2003 and March 2021, there were 80 fatal stab wounds in Newham compared to nine in Kingston.
The increased death toll in 2019 was despite improvements in NHS trauma units that increased the number of stabbing survival rates by 50 percent.
Which district has the most stab wounds in total?
NHS data showing the number of stab wounds in various areas of London revealed an “unequal distribution of victims” across the city, with knife attacks “highly concentrated in certain parts of London.”
The hospitalization data, collected by the local authority between 2012-13 and 2018-19, showed that Lambeth had the highest total number of stab wounds with 430 in the entire period.
Newham had the second highest number of stab wounds with 420 followed by Croydon with 355 and Ealing.
Hackney and Southwark both had high numbers, with about 350 stab wounds each.
The report noted: “even when adjusting for the relative sizes of different boroughs, large discrepancies are still observed in the number of stab wounds between different areas of London.”
Although there was an overall decrease in the number of knife crimes in London throughout the pandemic, the report attributed this to a decrease in the number of robberies involving knives.
It also found that in at least 30% of stabbing cases, one or more perpetrators are not apprehended.
Who are the victims and perpetrators?
The report, which examined the demographics more likely to be involved in knife crime, found that the average age of a victim was 22 in 2018 and 21 in 2019, while the average age of a perpetrator was 19 in 2018 and 21 in 2019.
It said at least 37% of cases were “directly related to drill music” in 2018, and 23% the following year, while at least 25% of cases in both years were linked to “reprisals”.
Black people in London were almost five times more likely to be stung than whites or Asians.
The report found that at least 40% of cases had a direct connection to social housing areas.
Recognizing the “highly sensitive” policy on knife crime, the report concluded that there is still a lack of consensus on its root causes, as well as acknowledging that it is “rarely one factor” that drives people towards knife crime.
Among the perpetrators of knife crime, the report cited social justice factors, including ‘weak family structures’, school exclusion, poor education, poverty, lack of opportunities, social media, gang culture and mental health issues.
It also cited “criminal justice” factors, including levels of neighborhood policing, conviction rates, sentencing policy, prison reform, and improved rehabilitation.
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