Since the introduction of electronic cigarettes, or e-cigarettes, to the United States in 2006, intense debate has surrounded the marketing, regulation, and use of these nicotine delivery products. Surprising new research led by the Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center has found that adult smokers with no plans to quit are more likely to quit smoking traditional flammable cigarettes if they switch to daily smoking.
The Roswell Park study, published today in JAMA Network Open, used data collected from 2014 to 2019 as part of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study, a long-term study on tobacco use and how it affects the health of young people and adults in the United States.
When the researchers focused their analysis on a select group of 1,600 smokers who initially had no plans to quit and did not use e-cigarettes when the study started, they found that those who subsequently armed daily experienced eight times higher odds of quitting traditional cigarettes compared to those who did not use e-cigarettes at all.
“These findings are paradigm shifting because the data suggest that vaping may actually help people who are not actively trying to quit smoking,” said Andrew Hyland, Ph.D., Chair of Health Behavior at Roswell Park and scientific director at PATH Study. “Most other studies focus exclusively on people who are actively trying to quit smoking, but this study suggests that we may be lacking the effects of e-cigarettes by not considering this group of smokers with a limited intention to quit. with smoking – a group that is often at the highest risk of poor health results from cigarette smoking. “
Overall, only about 6% of all smokers included in the Roswell Park study completely quit smoking cigarettes, but the number of smokers was significantly higher among those who started using e-cigarettes daily – 28% of smokers quit, as they began to steam daily. The association between steaming and cigarette smoking persisted, even after adjusting for underlying characteristics such as educational background, income, gender, ethnicity, and the number of cigarettes smoked per day at the beginning of the study.
“While clinical trials show strong evidence that vaping can help people quit smoking, the results of real-world population surveys have been mixed,” said Karin Kasza, Ph.D., a researcher in the Department of Health Behavior at Roswell Park. and first. author of the study. “Our study identified a positive association between daily smoking and cigarette smoking, especially among the segment of smokers who did not plan to quit, in line with data from clinical trials.”
Few studies examining the potential use of using e-cigarettes as a smoking cessation tool have considered smokers with no motivation or desire to quit. The latest study from Roswell Park calls for greater consideration for smokers who do not plan to quit in order to fully understand the health consequences of vaping on the American population.
“We found evidence that the use of e-cigarettes could have a positive impact on this very difficult to reach group of stubborn smokers,” says Dr. Hyland. “To truly understand the health consequences of vaping on the American people, we need to consider those who do not intend to quit.”
Study: E-cigarettes do not help smokers stay away from cigarettes
Karin A. Kasza et al., The Association of e-Cigarette Use with Cessation of Cigarette Smoking Among Adult Smokers Who Originally Never Planned to Quit, JAMA Network Open (2021). DOI: 10.1001 / jamanetworkopen.2021.40880
Provided by Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center
Citation: Daily vaping dramatically increases cessation rate among heavy smokers who do not seek to quit (2021, December 29) retrieved December 29, 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-12-daily-vaping-ups-heavy- smokers.html
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